|CHAPTER 6: SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 102-103
Introduction to scientific background of physical and rehabilitation medicine: The scientific basis of physical and rehabilitation medicine
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
|Date of Web Publication||11-Jun-2019|
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Gutenbrunner C, Nugraha B. Introduction to scientific background of physical and rehabilitation medicine: The scientific basis of physical and rehabilitation medicine. J Int Soc Phys Rehabil Med 2019;2, Suppl S1:102-3
|How to cite this URL:|
Gutenbrunner C, Nugraha B. Introduction to scientific background of physical and rehabilitation medicine: The scientific basis of physical and rehabilitation medicine. J Int Soc Phys Rehabil Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 20];2, Suppl S1:102-3. Available from: http://www.jisprm.org/text.asp?2019/2/2/102/259349
According to the broad field of activities of physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM), the spectrum of scientific topics and methods is very extensive. It ranges from research on mechanisms of disease and treatments to the outcomes of PRM interventions and programs to the concepts of disability and functioning and societal aspects of the provision of rehabilitation services. Stucki and Grimby provided a model to operationalize the field of science in PRM along the dimensions from cell to society and from basic to applied professional sciences [Figure 1].
|Figure 1: Spectrum of scientific areas in physical and rehabilitation medicine (with permission)|
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| Scientific Areas in Prm|| |
In this paper, the scientific fields are described as follows:
- Biosciences in rehabilitation: The biosciences in rehabilitation are basic sciences that aim to explain body injury, adaptation, and repair from the molecular to the cellular, organ system, and organism level and to identify the targets for biomedical interventions to improve body functions and structures
- Biomedical rehabilitation sciences and engineering: The biomedical rehabilitation sciences and engineering are applied sciences that study diagnostic measures and interventions including physical modalities suitable to minimize impairment, to control symptoms, and to optimize people's capacity
- Clinical PRM sciences: The clinical rehabilitation sciences study how to provide best care with the goal of enabling people with health conditions experiencing or likely to experience disability to achieve and maintain optimal functioning in interaction with their immediate environment. It contains clinical research on best care including guidelines and standards, organization and quality management, coordination as well as education and training of professionals in rehabilitation, evaluation of the rehabilitation team, and multidisciplinary care
- Integrative rehabilitation sciences: The integrative rehabilitation sciences design and study rehabilitation systems, services, comprehensive assessments, and intervention programs which integrate biomedical, personal factor, and environmental approaches suited to optimize people's performance
- Human functioning sciences: The human functioning sciences are basic sciences from the comprehensive perspective that aim to understand human functioning and to identify targets for comprehensive interventions.”
| Topic Lists|| |
Based on this concept, a more distinct list of relevant scientific topics has been developed. It has been applied to structure the scientific program of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine World Congress in 2015 and 2016, and a revised version has been published [Table 1]. Due to its relevance, the clinical PRM sciences were put at the top of the list. It includes the most relevant health conditions and functional problems PRM physicians take care of. The other research fields are structured with subtopics too.
|Table 1: Short list of topics representing the scientific field of physical and rehabilitation medicine|
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Stucki G, Grimby G. Organizing human functioning and rehabilitation research into distinct scientific fields. Part I: Developing a comprehensive structure from the cell to society. J Rehabil Med 2007;39:293-8.
Gutenbrunner C, Ward AB, Li LS, Li J, Guzman M, Fialka-Moser V, et al.
Spectrum of topics for world congresses and other activities of the international society for physical and rehabilitation medicine (ISPRM): A first proposal. J Rehabil Med 2013;45:1-5.
Nugraha B, Paternostro-Sluga T, Schuhfried O, Stucki G, Franchignoni F, Abdul Latif L, et al.
Evaluation of the topic lists used in two world congresses (2015 and 2016) in physical and rehabilitation medicine. J Rehabil Med 2017;49:469-74.