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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 7


1 Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR, USA
2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

Date of Web Publication11-Jun-2019

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2349-7904.259365

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How to cite this article:
Frontera WR, Gutenbrunner C, Nugraha B. Introduction. J Int Soc Phys Rehabil Med 2019;2, Suppl S1:7

How to cite this URL:
Frontera WR, Gutenbrunner C, Nugraha B. Introduction. J Int Soc Phys Rehabil Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 15];2, Suppl S1:7. Available from: http://www.jisprm.org/text.asp?2019/2/2/7/259365

Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) is a medical specialty well established all around the world. Different from other medical specialties, PRM does not focus on an organ or organ system but aims at improving functioning of persons with health conditions experiencing disability. This definition of the specialty, on the one hand, implies a broad spectrum of tasks and requires a broad scope of competencies. This could make it more difficult to explain what a PRM physician is and what he or she is doing in daily practice.

On this background, it seems to be important to describe the need for rehabilitation worldwide, the principles of rehabilitation interventions, the principles of PRM that are important to further develop the specialty and to implement it, the competencies of PRM physician in clinical practice including the scope of health conditions treated and functioning problems addressed, and diagnostic tools and interventions used by PRM physicians. It is also important to discuss the role of PRM physicians for patients or persons experiencing disability, explain the role of PRM physicians in health systems, describe the settings in which PRM physicians work (e.g. hospitals, rehabilitation centers, private or collaborative practices), outline the standards of education and training of PRM physicians, describe the scope of scientific work in PRM, and provide an insight to studies dealing with effects of PRM interventions and rehabilitation programs.

For the first time, this book will give a worldwide perspective of PRM using an integrative and international approach. It does not aim to replace any regional and national descriptions of the field and its scope of activities. However, the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) came to the conclusion that an international document is needed, aiming at strengthening PRM all around the world, harmonization of the field, and providing a framework for the (future) development of the specialty.

Prof. Walter R. Frontera, MD, PhD, FRCP

Prof. Christoph Gutenbrunner, MD, PhD, FRCP

Boya Nugraha, MS, PhD


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